Hybrid Propulsion System for LEO and GEO transfer.

HYPROGEO in a nutshell

The ambition of the HYPROGEO project, which is co-funded by the European Commission under the Horizon 2020 programme, is to develop a propulsion module based on hybrid chemical propulsion Hybrid propulsion is not a new technology per se, however its application to a transfer module or to a re-ignitable upper stage is very innovative.

It is an interesting alternative for the GEO transfer, which is limited to two options: either to rely on chemical propulsion (bi-liquid) or on the newly developed Electrical Propulsion (EP) technology. As hybrid propulsion has a lower thrust than chemical but a much higher thrust than EP, it is somehow in between these two existing options; consequently it features very good synergies and complementarities with the alternative propulsion systems.

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